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The State of Obesity

New Mexico

Adult Obesity in New Mexico

New Mexico is now the 30th most obese state in the nation. After three decades of increases, adult obesity rates remained level in every state except for Arkansas. However, rates remain high — New Mexico's adult obesity rate is 27.1 percent, up from 20.2 percent in 2003 and from 8.1 percent in 1990.
Thirteen states now have adult obesity rates above 30 percent, 41 states have rates of at least 25 percent, and every state is above 20 percent. In 1980, no state was above 15 percent; in 1991, no state was above 20 percent; in 2000, no state was above 25 percent; and, in 2007, only Mississippi was above 30 percent.

Tweet thisCurrent adult obesity rate (2012)

27.1%

Rank among states (2012)

30/51

Adult obesity rate in New Mexico (1990-2012)

Obesity rate by gender (2012)

Men 26.7% Women 27.6%

Obesity rate by age (2012)

18-25 20.1% 26-44 31.3% 45-64 30.2% 65+ 20.4%

Obesity rate by race (2011)

White 22.6% Black 23.9% Latino 30.0%

Source: Trust for America's Health and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future [PDF]. Washington, D.C.: 2013.

Childhood Obesity in New Mexico

Signs of Progress on Childhood Obesity in New Mexico: A new report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in August, 2013 showed that 18 states, including New Mexico, and one U.S. territory experienced a decline in obesity rates among 2- to 4-year-olds from low-income families between 2008 and 2011. Over that period, New Mexico's rate fell from 12.0% to 11.3%, a statistically significant decrease according to the CDC analysis. Read more about the report at rwjf.org. Tweet this

2- to 4-year-olds from low-income families

Current obesity rate (2011)

11.3%

Rank among states (2011)

39/41

Historical rates (1989-2011)

Source: fasinfat.org/pednss2011

10- to 17-year-olds

Current obesity rate (2011)

14.4%

Rank among states (2011)

27/51

Historical rates (2004-2011)

Source: fasinfat.org/nsch2011

High school students

Current obesity rate (2011)

12.8%

Rank among states (2011)

17/43

Historical rates (2003-2011)

Source: fasinfat.org/yrbs2011

Obesity-Related Health Issues in New Mexico

Diabetes

Current adult diabetes rate (2012)

10.3%

Rank among states (2012)

19/51

Current diabetes cases (2010)

173,054

Projected cases of diabetes in 2030 at current pace

252,907

Historical adult diabetes rates (1990-2012)

Hypertension

Current adult hypertension rate (2011)

28.5%

Rank among states (2011)

45/51

Current hypertension cases (2010)

419,506

Projected cases of hypertension in 2030 at current pace

510,457

Historical adult hypertension rates (1990-2011)

Heart Disease

Current heart disease cases (2010)

123,330

Projected cases of heart disease in 2030

559,598

Arthritis

Current arthritis cases (2010)

413,967

Projected cases of arthritis in 2030

332,573

Obesity-Related Cancer

Current cancer cases (2010)

32,920

Projected cases of cancer in 2030

80,166

Sources: Current diabetes (2012) and hypertension (2011) rates are from F as in Fat 2013 [PDF]); 2010 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, arthritis and obesity-related cancer numbers and projected cases of obesity-related health problems related are from F as in Fat 2012 [PDF].

Public Policy in New Mexico Related to Obesity

Foods and BeveragesU.S.New Mexico

Nutritional Standards for Competitive Foods in Schools

Thirty-five states and Washington, D.C. have nutritional standards for competitive foods. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) defines "competitive foods" as any food or beverage served or sold at school that is not part of the USDA school meals program. These foods are sold in à la carte lines, in school vending machines, in school stores, or through bake sales. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 required USDA to update the nutrition standards for these foods and beverages. The interim final rule was released in June 2013; the standards will take effect nationwide at the start of the 2014-15 school year.

35 + D.C.Yes

Limits on Competitive Foods in Schools

Twenty-nine states and Washington, D.C. have laws that exceed current federal requirements for when and where competitive foods may be sold. More information about the specific laws in each state

29 + D.C.No

Water Availability in Schools

Two states have regulations to support water availability in schools. Although water fountains have been available in most schools for decades, many schools do not have enough water fountains to supply all of the students, and most schools do not make cups available to encourage students to take more water from the fountains. The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 requires schools to provide free, easily accessible, clean water to all students, a provision which went into effect nationwide for the 2013-2014 school year.

2No

Farm-to-School Programs

Thirty-one states and Washington, D.C. have established farm-to-school programs, though many cover only select students or individual schools. A study by researchers at the University of California, Davis found that farm-to-school programs not only increase consumption of fruits and vegetables, but actually change eating habits, causing students to choose healthier options at lunch.

31 + D.C.Yes

Menu Labeling Laws

Four states and some local communities require larger chain food establishments to provide nutrition content on menus. The Affordable Care Act includes a provision that will require certain chain restaurants and similar retail food establishments nationwide to list calorie content information for certain items on menus. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is expected to issue final standards in 2013. Many leading health organizations, including the American Medical Association (AMA) and the American Heart Association, support menu labeling as an important health education tool to allow consumers to make informed choices.

4No

Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Taxes

Thirty-four states and Washington, D.C., include soda among items for which they charge sales tax — to date, however, no state has enacted a separate excise tax on sodas, though such proposals have been considered by several states over the past few years. A number of studies have shown that relative prices of foods and beverages can lead to changes in how much people consume them.

34 + D.C.No
Physical ActivityU.S.New Mexico

Physical Education Requirements

All 50 states and Washington, D.C. have some physical education requirements for students. However, these requirements are often limited, not enforced, and/or not fully funded.

50 + D.C.Yes

Physical Activity Requirements

Twelve states have school physical activity requirements, which set standards for type and time students participate in physical activity throughout the school day beyond physical education class.

12No

Shared Use Agreements

Twenty-two states have laws encouraging or requiring schools to make facilities available for use by the community through shared use agreements. These agreements allow school districts, local governments and community-based organizations to overcome common liability concerns and costs involved with opening school property to the public after hours.

22No

Safe Routes to Schools

All 50 states and Washington, D.C. operate Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs — which benefit 13,000 schools nationwide — though implementation and funding support varies. SRTS supports improving sidewalks, bike paths and safe street crossings; reducing speeds in school zones and neighborhoods; addressing distracted driving; and educating people about pedestrian and bike safety.

50 + D.C.Yes

Complete Street Programs

Twenty-eight states and Washington, D.C. have adopted Complete Streets programs, though requirements and funding vary in scope. Complete Streets programs encourage physical activity and green transportation, walking and cycling, and building or protecting urban transport systems that are fuel-efficient, space-saving and promote healthy lifestyles.

28 + D.C.No
Health Assessments and Education in SchoolsU.S.New Mexico

Health Assessments and Screening

Twenty-one states have laws that require BMI screening or other weight-related assessments. BMI and other health assessments are intended to help schools and communities assess rates of childhood obesity, educate parents and students, and help evaluate obesity-prevention and -control programs. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that BMI be calculated and plotted annually for all youths, while the Institute of Medicine recommends annual school-based BMI screenings.

21No

Health Education Requirements

Forty-eight states and Washington, D.C. require schools to provide health education. The goal of school health education is to prevent premature deaths and disabilities by improving the health literacy of students. Health education curricula often include community and consumer health issues related to obesity, among other issues.

48 + D.C.Yes
CDC State Grant ProgramsU.S.New Mexico

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) fund many state and local efforts to prevent and control obesity and related diseases.

Nutrition, Physical Activity & Obesity Grants

25Yes

Coordinated School Health Grants

22No

REACH Grants

30Yes

Community Transformation Grants

40 + D.C.Yes

Source: Trust for America's Health and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future [PDF]. Washington, D.C.: 2013.